G20 merchandise trade growth accelerates to highest pace in six years

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FOTO: Ixbalanqué DANELL PÉREZ

G20 international merchandise trade growth, seasonally adjusted and expressed in current US dollars, accelerated strongly in the third quarter of 2017, with both imports and exports rising by 4.3%, the highest rate of growth since the first half of 2011.

Although G20 total international trade levels remain approximately 5% below the recent highs of 2014, exports and imports are both significantly up on their Q1 2016 lows (by 14.5% and 17.1% respectively).

In the European Union exports (up 7.4%) and imports (up 7.3%) grew at their fastest rates since Q4 2010. France, Germany and Italy all recorded export growth above 7% while the United Kingdom also posted strong export growth at 5.5%. Imports grew strongly in France (8.8%), Germany (6.8%), Italy (7.1%) and the United Kingdom (5.2%).

In India and Indonesia exports grew strongly (above 10%) in Q3 2017. Export growth also picked up in Korea (to 6.6% – the fastest rate since Q1 2011) and Japan (to 3.2%), while in China, the G20’s largest exporter, exports contracted slightly (by minus 0.1%). Imports were up strongly in Indonesia (12.9%) and more moderately in Korea (3.0%), China (2.6%) and Japan (0.5%) but contracted in India by minus 4.0%.

Export growth also picked up, albeit more moderately, in Mexico (to 1.4%) and the United States (to 1.2%) but fell (by minus 3.5%) in Canada for the first time in six quarters. Import growth also accelerated in Mexico (to 3.4%) but slowed in Canada (to 2.1%) and contracted in the United States (by minus 0.2%).

All G20 economies, except Argentina, Indonesia, Korea and Russia, saw their currencies appreciate against the US dollar in Q3 2017.

G20 total international merchandise trade

Seasonally adjusted, current prices and US$ billion

Values Percentage variations

 

G20 total international merchandise trade

Seasonally adjusted, current prices and US$ billion

  Quarters 2015 Q3 2015 Q4 2016 Q1 2016 Q2 2016 Q3 2016 Q4 2017 Q1 2017 Q2 2017 Q3
G20 Export 3159.3 3097.3 3028.0 3090.5 3109.1 3159.1 3264.3 3323.5 3467.0
  Import 3167.5 3088.4 2980.9 3070.1 3111.9 3142.1 3277.0 3348.9 3491.6
Argentina Export 14.4 13.1 14.9 13.8 14.3 15.1 15.3 13.9 14.3
  Import 15.4 14.4 14.3 13.9 13.4 14.5 15.4 16.4 16.9
Australia Export 46.3 42.9 41.9 46.4 48.1 55.2 58.6 57.2 59.2
  Import 49.0 48.3 46.3 47.4 47.8 48.0 50.0 53.1 63.5
Brazil Export 46.7 46.5 45.9 46.9 46.0 46.6 56.3 54.0 54.0
  Import 39.5 36.5 34.3 34.7 34.3 34.5 38.0 35.8 38.0
Canada Export 103.2 97.7 94.6 94.9 99.3 101.4 104.1 106.3 102.6
  Import 104.0 100.6 97.8 101.5 103.5 99.7 104.1 107.3 109.5
China Export 562.6 559.7 543.6 534.1 528.6 536.0 557.2 565.1 564.6
  Import 417.9 409.6 367.2 397.1 401.0 420.2 459.5 453.4 465.2
EU 28 Export 1345.4 1330.5 1318.2 1351.2 1344.7 1348.5 1370.6 1424.9 1530.8
  Import 1309.3 1291.2 1284.0 1321.5 1330.4 1309.8 1346.1 1397.7 1500.4
France Export 125.3 124.5 124.6 126.0 124.8 125.1 122.0 130.3 139.8
  Import 142.4 142.4 140.7 141.8 144.9 143.6 146.5 150.3 163.5
Germany Export 332.8 324.7 328.0 336.7 333.2 328.4 333.1 350.3 378.3
  Import 265.1 257.6 259.9 262.1 263.9 262.3 269.0 282.4 301.5
India Export 66.3 64.3 64.2 65.8 67.2 68.8 71.7 70.7 79.1
  Import 102.9 94.1 84.9 84.5 91.2 100.2 106.0 112.6 108.1
Indonesia Export 36.9 34.7 34.6 35.4 35.7 39.0 40.6 39.3 44.3
  Import 34.7 33.3 33.0 33.4 33.6 35.9 37.3 35.6 40.2
Italy Export 113.8 112.9 113.0 116.3 116.5 115.4 116.9 122.8 132.2
  Import 101.9 99.7 99.1 101.8 102.1 103.0 105.3 109.9 117.7
Japan Export 155.3 151.7 151.9 158.7 166.3 165.1 169.2 170.9 176.4
  Import 164.0 152.1 145.8 148.7 158.0 154.9 160.8 167.9 168.7
Korea Export 129.6 126.1 119.4 123.3 123.3 129.0 136.6 144.0 153.5
  Import 108.2 103.6 94.2 99.9 103.0 108.3 117.7 118.7 122.3
Mexico Export 95.5 93.3 90.0 91.4 94.6 97.6 99.7 100.9 102.2
  Import 100.1 97.4 94.9 95.2 97.6 99.3 102.2 102.6 106.1
Russia Export 79.1 75.3 64.6 67.9 71.5 77.1 87.3 83.4 85.8
  Import 46.8 46.6 44.1 46.0 49.1 51.2 55.7 58.8 59.7
Saudi Arabia Export 47.2 44.2 40.3 45.5 45.5 52.6 57.1 49.5 51.1
  Import 43.2 44.4 37.6 35.5 32.9 33.9 33.0 32.0 31.9
South Africa Export 20.4 18.4 17.1 19.8 19.7 20.0 21.3 22.0 22.3
  Import 21.2 19.6 17.8 18.4 19.3 19.8 19.9 21.3 20.6
Turkey Export 35.4 35.8 34.4 36.4 34.4 37.3 37.4 39.0 39.8
  Import 50.0 50.3 48.5 51.0 47.5 51.2 52.2 55.9 61.6
United Kingdom Export 106.8 103.7 99.1 102.5 97.5 98.1 100.5 104.4 110.1
  Import 151.8 150.8 143.8 147.2 144.3 143.0 144.8 146.8 154.4
United States Export 374.9 363.0 352.5 359.0 369.8 369.6 381.6 382.4 387.2
  Import 561.2 546.4 536.3 541.4 549.3 560.7 579.1 579.8 578.8

 

G20 total international merchandise trade

Percentage variations

  Quarters 2015 Q4 2016 Q1 2016 Q2 2016 Q3 2016 Q4 2017 Q1 2017 Q2 2017 Q3
G20 Export -2.0% -2.2% 2.1% 0.6% 1.6% 3.3% 1.8% 4.3%
  Import -2.5% -3.5% 3.0% 1.4% 1.0% 4.3% 2.2% 4.3%
Argentina Export -8.8% 13.5% -7.5% 3.9% 5.6% 0.9% -9.2% 3.0%
  Import -6.4% -1.0% -2.4% -3.9% 8.6% 5.7% 6.9% 2.9%
Australia Export -7.2% -2.4% 10.9% 3.5% 14.9% 6.0% -2.3% 3.4%
  Import -1.4% -4.2% 2.4% 0.7% 0.5% 4.2% 6.2% 19.6%
Brazil Export -0.6% -1.2% 2.2% -1.9% 1.3% 20.8% -4.0% 0.1%
  Import -7.7% -6.0% 1.0% -1.0% 0.5% 10.0% -5.7% 6.1%
Canada Export -5.4% -3.2% 0.3% 4.7% 2.1% 2.6% 2.2% -3.5%
  Import -3.3% -2.8% 3.8% 2.0% -3.7% 4.4% 3.0% 2.1%
China Export -0.5% -2.9% -1.7% -1.0% 1.4% 4.0% 1.4% -0.1%
  Import -2.0% -10.4% 8.2% 1.0% 4.8% 9.3% -1.3% 2.6%
EU 28 Export -1.1% -0.9% 2.5% -0.5% 0.3% 1.6% 4.0% 7.4%
  Import -1.4% -0.6% 2.9% 0.7% -1.6% 2.8% 3.8% 7.3%
France Export -0.6% 0.0% 1.2% -1.0% 0.3% -2.5% 6.9% 7.3%
  Import 0.0% -1.2% 0.8% 2.2% -0.9% 2.0% 2.6% 8.8%
Germany Export -2.4% 1.0% 2.7% -1.0% -1.5% 1.4% 5.2% 8.0%
  Import -2.8% 0.9% 0.8% 0.7% -0.6% 2.6% 5.0% 6.8%
India Export -3.1% 0.0% 2.4% 2.2% 2.4% 4.1% -1.3% 11.8%
  Import -8.6% -9.8% -0.5% 8.0% 9.8% 5.8% 6.2% -4.0%
Indonesia Export -6.0% -0.3% 2.2% 1.0% 9.1% 4.2% -3.2% 12.7%
  Import -4.0% -1.0% 1.3% 0.5% 6.8% 3.9% -4.5% 12.9%
Italy Export -0.8% 0.0% 2.9% 0.2% -0.9% 1.3% 5.1% 7.7%
  Import -2.1% -0.6% 2.7% 0.3% 0.8% 2.3% 4.4% 7.1%
Japan Export -2.3% 0.1% 4.5% 4.8% -0.7% 2.5% 1.0% 3.2%
  Import -7.3% -4.2% 2.0% 6.3% -2.0% 3.8% 4.5% 0.5%
Korea Export -2.7% -5.3% 3.3% 0.0% 4.6% 5.9% 5.4% 6.6%
  Import -4.3% -9.0% 6.0% 3.1% 5.2% 8.7% 0.9% 3.0%
Mexico Export -2.3% -3.6% 1.6% 3.6% 3.2% 2.1% 1.2% 1.4%
  Import -2.7% -2.6% 0.3% 2.5% 1.8% 2.9% 0.4% 3.4%
Russia Export -4.9% -14.1% 5.1% 5.2% 7.9% 13.2% -4.5% 2.8%
  Import -0.4% -5.3% 4.3% 6.8% 4.1% 9.0% 5.4% 1.6%
Saudi Arabia Export -6.4% -8.8% 13.0% -0.1% 15.6% 8.6% -13.3% 3.3%
  Import 2.7% -15.3% -5.5% -7.4% 3.0% -2.6% -2.9% -0.4%
South Africa Export -9.7% -7.1% 15.5% -0.4% 1.5% 6.4% 3.5% 1.3%
  Import -7.4% -9.4% 3.3% 5.2% 2.4% 0.9% 6.7% -3.2%
Turkey Export 1.3% -4.1% 5.8% -5.4% 8.6% 0.2% 4.1% 2.2%
  Import 0.6% -3.5% 5.3% -7.0% 7.9% 1.9% 7.1% 10.3%
United Kingdom Export -2.8% -4.5% 3.4% -4.9% 0.6% 2.5% 3.9% 5.5%
  Import -0.6% -4.7% 2.4% -2.0% -0.9% 1.2% 1.4% 5.2%
United States Export -3.2% -2.9% 1.9% 3.0% -0.1% 3.2% 0.2% 1.2%
  Import -2.6% -1.8% 0.9% 1.5% 2.1% 3.3% 0.1% -0.2%

 

G20: Argentina, Australia, Brazil, Canada, China, France, Germany, India, Indonesia, Italy, Japan, Korea, Mexico, Russia, Saudi Arabia, South Africa, Turkey, the United Kingdom, the United States and the European Union.

The G20 aggregate is derived as the seasonally adjusted data of the individual economies. 

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